Section 200 of Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Circular A –133 (Circular A –133) states that when an auditee expends federal awards under only one federal program (excluding research and development) and the federal program's laws, regulations, or grant agreements do not require a financial statement audit of the auditee, the auditee may elect to have a program-specific audit performed in accordance with section 235 of Circular A –133. Therefore, the auditor should determine whether there is a financial statement audit requirement before performing a program-specific audit. A program-specific audit may not be elected for research and development unless all federal awards expended were received from the same federal agency (or the same federal agency and the same pass-through entity) and that federal agency (or pass-through entity, in the case of a subrecipient) approves a program-specific audit in advance.
Program-Specific Audit Requirements
Circular A –133 requires program-specific audits to be subject to the following sections of Circular A –133 as they may apply to program-specific audits, unless contrary to the provisions of section 235 of Circular A –133, a federal program-specific audit guide, or the program's laws and regulations:
Purpose, definitions, audit requirements, basis for determining the federal awards expended, subrecipient and vendor determinations, and relation to other audit requirements (sections 100 through 215(b))
Frequency of audits, sanctions, and audit costs (sections 220 through 230)
Auditee responsibilities and auditor selection (sections 300 through 305)
Follow-up on audit findings (section 315)
Submission of report (sections 320(f) through 320(j))
Responsibilities of federal agencies and pass-through entities and management decisions (sections 400 through 405)
*An example of a situation where a program-specific audit would not be allowed would be a not-for-profit college that receives student financial aid (SFA) (and no other federal awards). That is because the Higher Education Act of 1965, as amended, requires institutions that receive SFA to undergo an annual financial statement audit.
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