The PCAOB is directed by Section 104 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 to conduct a continuing program of inspections to assess the degree to which each registered firm and its associated persons comply with the Act, the rules of the PCAOB and the SEC, and professional standards in connection with the performance of audits, the issuance of audit reports, and related matters involving public companies.
Firms that are registered with the PCAOB may be subject to its inspection program, which will only evaluate the SEC issuer or public company audit practice. All firms will continue to require peer review of the rest of their auditing and accounting practice in order to satisfy AICPA membership, federal regulatory (e.g., Generally Accepted Government Auditing Standards) and/or state licensing requirements.
The following are some useful tools and resources for firms to consider as they prepare for a PCAOB inspection.
Board Public Reports
Additionally, PCAOB guidance such as Staff Audit Practice Alerts, Staff Questions and Answers and other guidance may be useful to identify potential areas of focus for PCAOB inspections.
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