Tax Compliance

Not-for-Profit Tax Compliance Resources 

Not-for-Profit Form 990 Resources

The regulatory environment in the not-for-profit (NFP) sector is always changing. NFPs and their auditors run the risk of not remaining informed. Some of the key areas that affect NFPs are: obtaining and maintaining tax-exempt status, federal and state filing requirements, employment and payroll related tax compliance, and state charitable solicitation laws.

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Highlighted Resources

Form 990 Resources

Help! IRS Form 990 Doesn't Align with the New Not-for-Profit Accounting Standard (Article) 
Early adopters of the new financial reporting standard may be wondering why the IRS hasn't updated Form 990 to reflect applicable accounting changes. Learn about the AICPA's recommendations for Form 990 updates submitted to the IRS, and what you can do if the IRS doesn't update the form before your next filing deadline.

Form 990: Most Common Errors
Read about the most common errors on Form 990, as compiled by the IRS Exempt Organizations Division, based on what they saw on the “new” Form 990 in the early years of filing that return.

Overview of Form 990 Series of Returns (PDF)
This article provides an overview of the key components and schedules of each of the forms in the 990 series of returns.

Form 990 Red Flags for 501(c)(3) Charitable Organizations (PDF)
This article is intended to be used as a guide for a Form 990 reviewer to identify potential red flags that should be examined or considered prior to filing.

Differences Between GAAP Financial Statements vs Form 990 (PDF) 
Do you know the differences between the requirements of GAAP and the required presentation of financial information in Form 990? This reference chart will help you understand the key reconciling differences.

Form 990 Schedule-Specific Resources:

Navigating the Challenges of Schedule A – Public Support Test (Article) 
Schedule A is required by most U.S. charities that file Form 990 (or Form 990-EZ). Learn how to navigate this challenging schedule's public support tests.

The Ins and Outs of Schedule B
Schedule B, the Schedule of Contributors for exempt organizations preparing and filing the Form 990, 990-EZ, and 990-PF, generally is filed annually by any organization receiving contributions in excess of $5,000 from a single donor. Learn more about the intricacies of this complicated requirement.

Compliance Brief: Reporting Political Activities and Lobbying (PDF)
Get an overview of Form 990 Schedule C reporting considerations for tax-exempt entities.

Demystifying Form 990 Schedule L (PDF)  
Download our quick reference guide to help reviewers and preparers of Form 990 understand the key requirements of IRS Form 990 Schedule L, Transactions With Interested Persons.

Tell Your Not-for-Profit's Story with Form 990 Schedule O
This article covers the basic requirements of Schedule O and, equally important, ways to use it to tell your not-for-profit organization's story.

Form 990 Preparation Checklists:

Compliance Issues for NFPs

IRS Uses Data-Driven Approach to Audit Selection
This article compares the IRS's old and current approaches for audit selection, and discusses the effects of eliminating subjectivity from how auditees are identified and selected.

Compliance Issues for Fundraising Organizations
Special events generate a great deal of excitement, but they can also result in headaches if compliance issues are overlooked. This article summarizes some of the biggest compliance-related challenges associated with special events.

Are Gaming Activities Worth the Gamble?
Gaming activities are popular for fundraising events, but they come with their fair share of compliance challenges. This article explores several important considerations.

How to Prove Certain Business Expenses
This easy-to-use tool tells you what details your records need to include to substantiate various types of business expenses.

FAQs: Tax-Exempt Church Schools
Churches face a number of unique tax compliance considerations, filing requirements (and exceptions) that don't apply to other tax-exempt not-for-profits. This list of frequently asked questions regarding church schools was created to help eliminate any resulting confusion.

Unrelated Business Income Taxes (UBIT):

Unrelated Business Income Taxes (UBIT) in a Nutshell
Do you know whether your NFP has unrelated business activities? This article provides an overview.

Unrelated Business Income Taxes (UBIT) (PDF) 
Read this article for a primer on UBIT and learn about the most common UBI generating activities. Also discussed are typical exemptions, exclusions and exceptions.

UBIT Refresher
Unrelated business income tax (UBIT) is an area of the tax law that can cause headaches for many who work with not-for-profit organizations. Everyone needs to know about UBIT – and how these rules might affect their organizations. This article provides some examples of concepts that may warrant further investigation.

Employment and Payroll Compliance:

Compliance Brief: U.S. DOL's Overtime Rule (PDF)  
The U.S. Department of Labor's Final Rule on overtime spans over 500 pages. Download this compliance brief to get a quick overview of key considerations and implementation tips for NFPs. Note: On Nov. 22, a federal district court judge issued a preliminary injunction blocking the U.S. Department of Labor’s overtime pay mandate. The injunction will likely remain in effect for months until the case is decided.

IRS Accountable Plan Requirements: A Primer for NFPs
It is common for NFPs to reimburse employees for out-of-pocket expenses. Did you know that NFPs, like any other business, are required to report reimbursements that do not qualify under an accountable plan as W-2 earnings, and the amounts paid are subject to payroll tax withholding requirements? With some careful planning and diligent recordkeeping, NFPs can avoid these reporting requirements by creating an accountable reimbursement plan (ARP) that meets IRS Guidelines. Learn how to properly structure your ARP to comply with IRS requirements.

Affordable Care Act: What Not-for-Profits Need To Know 
Many of the issues surrounding the Affordable Care Act (ACA) are still creating confusion in the business community, including not-for-profits. This article provides considerations for small and midsized not-for-profit organizations.

Compliance with State Charitable Solicitation Laws:

Overview of Laws Regarding Charitable Solicitation and Registration Requirements (PDF)
Learn about registration requirements and initiatives to simplify and clarify the registration process. Topics discussed include the Unified Registration Statement (URS) and Charleston Principles that apply to entities that use a website to solicit contributions.


Recommended CPE

Get the targeted learning you need to help your not-for-profit organizations stay in compliance. The AICPA offers CPE-eligible courses developed by leading experts in coordination with the NFP Section's technical staff. Section members receive an exclusive 20% discount on continuing education and other not-for-profit products offered by AICPA. Learn more about the exclusive discounts available for our member community.

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