Governmental Audit and Accounting Publications 


    The AICPA provides numerous publications that are aimed at assisting governmental and not-for-profit accounting and auditing professionals, many of which are listed below. The full listing of AICPA materials is available through AICPA Store.

    Audit and Accounting Guides

    Government Auditing Standards and Circular A-133 Audits.  Entities that are subject to Yellow Book requirements or OMB Circular A-133 requirements and their auditors will find this guide essential to understanding and implementing the revisions to Government Auditing Standards and Circular A-133.

    State and Local Governments. This Guide is designed to provide guidance to state and local governments and their auditors who are either new to, or experienced with state and local governmental accounting and auditing. It describes the appropriate accounting for these entities and provides detailed guidance on how to perform a state and local government.  It is a tool for use with governments of all sizes.

    Not-for-Profit Entities. This Guide is designed to provide guidance to not-for-profits and their auditors on not-for-profit entity financial statements and related audits of those statements. It helps readers understand the unique features of not-for-profit financial statements and discusses related audit issues.

    Healthcare Entities. This Guide summarizes new standards, guidance, and practices, and delivers "how-to" advice for handling audit and accounting issues common to health care entities.  Both health-care entities and their auditors should find this guide very useful.

    Gaming. Governmental and tribal financial officials, as well as their auditors are benefited by this guide which provides in-depth coverage on accounting and auditing considerations for the Gaming industry, including information that relates to governmental and tribal gaming entities.

    Audit Risk Alerts

    Government Auditing Standards and Circular A-133 Developments. This Audit Risk Alert covers important issues affecting the audits performed under Government Auditing Standards and Circular A-133 and how current developments affect auditing in this area. This Audit Risk Alert focuses on emerging practice issues and current economic, accounting and auditing developments and provides updates on GAO, OMB, and Federal Audit Clearinghouse audit issues.

    State and Local Governmental Developments. This Audit Risk Alert covers important issues affecting state and local governments and how current developments affect auditing in this industry. This Audit Risk Alert focuses on emerging practice issues and current economic, accounting and auditing developments and how these areas affect state and local governments.

    Not-for-Profit Entities Industry Developments. This Audit Risk Alert addresses important issues affecting not-for-profit entities and how current developments affect auditing in this industry. This Audit Risk Alert focuses on emerging practice issues and current economic, accounting and auditing developments.

    Health Care Industry Developments. Discover the important issues affecting the Health Care Industry and how recent developments affect auditing in this industry. This Audit Risk Alert focuses on economic and industry developments, as well technical, regulatory and professional issues.

    Other Publications

    Not-for-Profit Entities: Checklists and Illustrative Financial Statements. Overcome the complexities of financial statement preparation using disclosure checklists developed by the AICPA. Use of this checklist will assist not-for-profit entities identify the applicable reporting requirements that you need to know and apply.

    State and Local Governments: Checklists and Illustrative Financial Statements. Developed by AICPA’s Accounting and Auditing Publications staff, this practice aid is invaluable to anyone who prepares financial statements and reports for state and local governments. These checklists have been designed to help you prepare financial statements.

    Accounting and Reporting Practices of Not for Profit Organizations. Not-for-profit accounting can be extremely complex, and to be successful your knowledge and skills must be superior. Learn from real-world financial statements, cases and problems faced by CPAs with not-for-profit clients and by executives of not-for-profit organizations.


    The Audit Committee Toolkit: Government Organizations and the Audit Committee Toolkit: Not-for-Profit Organizations were developed to help audit committees at all levels of government and not-for-profit organizations discharge their responsibilities appropriately and effectively. The AICPA Audit Committee Effectiveness Center also contains additional an additional Toolkit for Corporations.



    Applying OCBOA in State and Local Governmental Financial Statements. Updated in 2012! Accountants of a significant number of small to medium-sized state or local governments face the everyday reality of preparing financial statements for governmental entities under a comprehensive basis of accounting other than generally accepted accounting principles (OCBOA). The professional guidance on OCBOA financial statements is limited and sometimes confusing – this practice aid makes sense of the applicable professional standards and provides you with practical guidance.



    Accounting and Financial Reporting Guidelines for Cash and Tax Basis Financial Statements. Updated in 2012! This publication should be of interest to not-for-profit entities (and their auditors) that issue financial statements using cash basis financial statements.  It is intended to provide guidelines and best practices that promote consistency and that resolve the often difficult questions regarding the preparation of cash and tax-basis financial statements. While nonauthoritative, this practice aid is the best source for such guidance.

    Compliance and Internal Control over Compliance Practice Aids. The GAQC developed several illustrative practice aids to assist auditors in understanding the procedures to be performed and the related auditor documentation in a single audit when gaining an understanding of internal control over compliance and testing compliance and internal control over compliance. While these practice aids were developed with auditors in mind, the responsibility for establishing proper internal control over compliance is with the auditee.  Thus, these practice aids may also assist auditees in either designing or assessing their internal control over compliance.

    The 2011 Yellow Book Independence—Nonaudit Services Documentation Practice Aid, will assist auditors performing audits in accordance with the 2011 revision to Government Auditing Standards (also referred to as the Yellow Book) issued by the Government Accountability Office in identifying and evaluating threats to independence for nonaudit services when considering whether to provide a nonaudit service. It will also assist auditors in applying the conceptual framework for independence contained in the 2011 Yellow Book (Yellow Book Conceptual Framework) and in complying with the Yellow Book’s independence documentation requirements, including the evaluation of management’s skills, knowledge, and experience.




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